AN INTERACTION-BASED DESIGN THINKING APPROACH FOR ARCHITECTURE AS A COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM
Editor: Boujut, Jean-François ; Cascini, Gaetano ; Ahmed-Kristensen, Saeema ; Georgiev, Georgi V. ; Iivari, Netta
Author: Shen, Tao (1); Nagai, Yukari (2)
Institution: 1: College of Design and Innovation, Tongji University, Shanghai, China; 2: Knowledge Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Nomi City, Japan
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.35199/ICDC.2020.12
Creativity is a vital part of design studies, and many literatures have approached design creativity from the perspectives of cognition and social behaviors. Several methods and tools have been introduced for enhancing design creativity, most of which focus on two aspects—the process and outcome of design. However, these methods for creative architecture design mainly follow a reductionist approach, and the complex nature of the 21st century architecture is often ignored. In this paper, we first review the simplicity and complexity of architecture, based on which we acknowledge architecture as a complex adaptive system, and present a new design thinking approach for creative architecture design, named “Concept Topology Optimization” (CTO). A case study that utilizes CTO is conducted to explore the application of the proposed method in the architecture space design, and a controlled experiment demonstrates the effectiveness of this method by measuring the idea quality and quantity.