Considering engineering activities and product characteristics to achieve material circularity by design

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Gräßler, Iris; Hesse, Philipp
Series: ICED
Institution: Paderbron University
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 1077-1086
DOI number:


To select design guidelines engineers have to identify relevant from a bewildering amount of design guidelines. In this paper, a rule-based method for selecting design guidelines for material circularity selection is presented. For this purpose, a generic Product Life Cycle model is detailed with regard to Multi Material cycles (gPLC-MM). The presented method is divided into four steps. Core of the presented method is the comparison of circular product strategies with product life phases and material recovery processes. Engineering activities and increments of the product architecture are used to identify design guidelines. The results show that through the material circularity-oriented design guideline identification method, the product architecture is designed for different processes and technologies, to recover materials. The method allows engineers to select guidelines in a more targeted and consolidated way in sustainability-friendly product engineering.

Keywords: Sustainability, Circular economy, Conceptual design

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