Supporting changeability quantification in Product-Service Systems via clustering algorithm

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Machchhar, Raj Jiten; Aeddula, Omsri Kumar; Bertoni, Alessandro; Wall, Johan; Larsson, Tobias
Series: ICED
Institution: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 3225-3234
DOI number:


The design of Product-Service Systems (PSS) is challenging due to the inherent complexities and the associated uncertainties. This challenge aggravates when the PSS being considered has a longer lifespan, is expected to encounter a dynamic context, and integrates many novel technologies. From systems engineering literature, one of the measures for mitigating the risks associated with the uncertainties is incorporating means in the system to change internally as a response to change externally. Such systems are referred to as value-robust systems, and their development largely relies on Tradespace exploration and synthesis. Tradespace exploration and synthesis can be challenging and a time-consuming task due to dimensionality. In this light, this paper aims to present an approach that enables the population of the Tradespace and then, supports the synthesis of such a Tradespace using a clustering algorithm for support changeability quantification in PSS. The proposed method is also implemented on a demonstrative case from the construction machinery industry.

Keywords: Product-Service Systems (PSS), Systems Engineering (SE), Decision making, Changeability quantification, Early design phases

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